Synthesis Report - Question 8

Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report

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Table 8-3: Selected international environmental treaties.
Convention and Agreement Place and Date of Adoption
The Antarctic Treaty
-Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty on Environmental Protection
Washington, 1959
Madrid, 1991
Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat
-Protocol to Amend the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat

Ramsar, 1971

Paris, 1982

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships London, 1973
Convention on International Trade on Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Washington, 1973
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources Paris, 1974
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals Bonn, 1979
UN/ECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Geneva, 1979
-Protocol on Long-Term Financing of the Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-Range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP) Geneva, 1984
-Protocol on the Reduction of Sulfur Emissions or their Transboundary Fluxes by at least 30% Helsinki, 1985
-Protocol Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen or their Transboundary Fluxes Sofia, 1988
-Protocol Concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds or their Transboundary Fluxes Geneva, 1991
-Protocol on Further Reduction of Sulfur Emission Oslo, 1994
-Protocol on Heavy Metals Aarhus, 1998
-Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants Aarhus, 1998
-Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication, and Ground-level Ozone

Gothenburg, 1999

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Montego Bay, 1982
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
-Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
Vienna, 1985
Montreal, 1987
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
-Amendment to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

Basel, 1989

Geneva, 1995

UN/ECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes Helsinki, 1992
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
-Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
New York, 1992
Kyoto, 1997

Convention on Biological Diversity
-Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity

Rio de Janeiro, 1992
Montreal, 2000

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa Paris, 1994
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants Stockholm, 2001
United Nations Forum on Forestsa New York, 2001
a. This reference is included in view of the importance of international efforts towards a treaty on the issue of forests and their environmental value.

Box 8-1: Assessing climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion.

The Ozone Scientific Assessment Panel of the Montreal Protocol and the IPCC have had integrated assessment activities regarding the state of understanding of the coupling of the stratospheric ozone layer and the climate system. For the past several years, the Scientific Assessments of Ozone Depletion have included the climate relevance of ozone-depleting gases. Further these assessments have included how current and future climate change and greenhouse gas abundances can influence ozone layer recovery. The IPCC has assessed the climate-cooling tendency due to ozone layer depletion. In addition, joint activities have been undertaken such as the assessment of the climate and ozone-layer impacts of aviation and how the mitigative needs of the Montreal Protocol for substitutes for ozone-depleting gases (notably hydrofluorocarbons) could be impacted by potential decisions about the global warming properties of these gases. These assessments provide information on how decisions and actions regarding one issue would influence the other, and they foster effective dialog between the policy frameworks.

WGI TAR Sections 4.2, 5.5, 6.13, & 7.2.4, WGIII TAR Chapter 3 Appendix, & SRAGA Section 4.2

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