IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007
Climate Change 2007: Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability

11.8.4 Analysing global trade, immigration and security for climate change outcomes

Impacts of climate change and adaptation elsewhere in the world are very likely to change global interactions, and especially trade in commodities. The implications are large for the strongly export-based economies of Australia and New Zealand. Further studies are needed in order to assess the impacts of climate change on the region’s competitiveness and export mix. In the Asia-Pacific region, adverse effects on food, disease, water, energy and coastal settlements are likely (Dupont and Pearman, 2006), but implications for immigration and security in Australia and New Zealand are poorly understood.