3.6.5 Regional Differences
Comparative regional studies of agricultural emissions per unit of GDP or per
hectare or per capita would show significant differences but as a result of
local farming systems, climate, and management techniques employed, a useful
comparison between regions is not possible. Standard methods for measuring and
reporting of agricultural emissions are being developed and will enable more
accurate and useful comparisons to be made between alternative production systems
in the future (Kroeze and Mosier, 1999).
Developing countries are slowly moving towards using modern food and fibre
production techniques. Economies in transition are also implementing modern
production methods encouraged by foreign investors but many challenges remain.
From a sustainability point of view, traditional methods may well be preferable.
3.6.6 Technological and Economic Potential
A summary of the technical and market potential for reducing greenhouse gas
emissions from the agricultural industry is given in Table
3.36. If agricultural production per hectare in developing countries could
be increased to meet the growing food and fibre demand as a result of a greater
uptake of new farming techniques, modern technologies and improved management
systems, then there would be less incentive for deforestation to provide more