Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability

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18. Adaptation to Climate Change in the Context of Sustainable Development and Equity Contents

Executive Summary

18.1. Introduction: Adaptation and Adaptive Capacity

18.2. Adaptation Characteristics and Processes

18.2.1. Components and Forms of Adaptation
18.2.2. Climate Stimuli for Adaptation
18.2.3. Adaptation Types and Forms
18.2.4. Systems, Scales, and Actors
18.2.5. Processes and Evaluation of Adaptations

18.3. Future Adaptations

18.3.1. Possible Adaptation Measures
18.3.2. Impact Assessment Models
18.3.3. Models, Analogs, and Empirical Analysis of Autonomous Adaptation
18.3.4. Costs of Autonomous Adaptation
18.3.5. Lessons from Adaptation Experiences

18.4. Planned Adaptations and Evaluation of Policy Options

18.4.1. Rationale and Objectives for Planned Adaptations
18.4.2. Identification of Adaptation Policy Options
18.4.3. Evaluation of Adaptation Options and Adaptation Costs
18.4.4. Public Adaptation Decisions, Uncertainty, and Risk Management

18.5. Adaptive Capacity and its Determinants

18.5.1. Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity
18.5.2. Determinants of Adaptive Capacity Economic Resources Technology Information and Skills Infrastructure Institutions Equity
18.5.3. Adaptive Capacity of Regions

18.6. Enhancing Adaptive Capacity

18.6.1. Adaptive Capacity and Sustainable Development
18.6.2. Capacity Enhancement by Scale

18.7. Sectoral and Regional Findings

18.8. Conclusions


Barry Smit (Canada) and Olga Pilifosova (Kazakhstan)

Lead Authors:
I. Burton (Canada), B. Challenger (Antigua and Barbuda), S. Huq (Bangladesh), R.J.T. Klein (Germany/The Netherlands), G. Yohe (USA)

Contributing Authors:
N. Adger (UK), T. Downing (UK), E. Harvey (Canada), S. Kane (USA), M. Parry (UK), M. Skinner (Canada), J. Smith (USA), J. Wandel (Canada)

Review Editors:
A. Patwardhan (India) and J.-F. Soussana (France)

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