Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability

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12. Australia and New Zealand Contents

Executive Summary

12.1. The Australasian Region

12.1.1. Overview
12.1.2. Previous Work
12.1.3. Socioeconomic Trends
12.1.4. Climate Trends
12.1.5. Climate Scenarios Used in Regional Studies Spatial Patterns of Temperature and Rainfall Uncertainties and Probabilistic Scenarios Changes in Extreme Events and Sea Level New SRES Scenarios

12.2. Key Regional Concerns

12.3. Water Supply and Hydrology

12.3.1. Water Supply
12.3.2. Water Allocation and Policy
12.3.3. Inland and Coastal Salinization
12.3.4. Water Quality

12.4. Ecosystems and Conservation

12.4.1. Introduction
12.4.2. Forests and Woodlands
12.4.3. Rangelands
12.4.4. Alpine Systems
12.4.5. Wetlands
12.4.6. Riverine Environments
12.4.7. Coastal and Marine Systems
12.4.8. Landscape Management as a Goal for Conservation and Adaptation

12.5. Food and Fiber

12.5.1. Introduction
12.5.2. Pastoral Farming
12.5.3. Cropping and Horticulture
12.5.4. Forestry
12.5.5. Fisheries
12.5.6. Drought
12.5.7. Pests and Diseases
12.5.8. Sustainability
12.5.9. Global Markets
12.5.10. Indigenous Resource Management

12.6. Settlements and Industry

12.6.1 Infrastructure
12.6.2. Investment and Insurance
12.6.3. Energy and Minerals
12.6.4. Coastal Development and Management, Tourism
12.6.5. Risk Management

12.7. Human Health

12.7.1. Diseases and Injuries
12.7.2. Vulnerability
12.7.3. Complexities of Forecasting Health Effects
12.7.4. Public Health Infrastructure
12.7.5. Design of Human Environments
12.7.6. Vulnerable Populations, including Indigenous and Poor

12.8. Adaptation Potential and Vulnerability

12.8.1. Adaptation and Possible Benefits of Climate Change
12.8.2. Integrated Assessments and Thresholds
12.8.3. Natural Systems
12.8.4. Managed Systems
12.8.5. Human Environments
12.8.6. Indigenous People
12.8.7. Extra-Regional Factors

12.9. Synthesis

12.9.1 Introduction
12.9.2. Observed Consequences of Past and Current Climate Variability in the Region
12.9.3. Factors Influencing Vulnerability Abrupt or Nonlinear Changes in Impacts Interactions with Other Environmental and Social Factors Regional-Global Interactions
12.9.4. Impacts for Differing Emissions Scenarios and Stabilization Pathways
12.9.5. Uncertainties and Risk Management
12.9.6. Vulnerability and Adaptability in Australia and New Zealand
12.9.7. Knowledge Gaps



Lead Authors:
R. Basher (New Zealand), B. Bates (Australia), M. Finlayson (Australia), H. Gitay (Australia), A. Woodward (New Zealand)

Contributing Authors:
A. Arthington (Australia), P. Beets (New Zealand), B. Biggs (New Zealand), H. Clark (New Zealand), I. Cole (Australia), B. Collyer (Australia), S. Crimp (Australia), K. Day (Australia), J. Ford-Robertson (New Zealand), F. Ghassemi (Australia), J. Grieve (New Zealand), D. Griffin (Australia), A. Hall (New Zealand), W. Hall (Australia), G. Horgan (New Zealand), P.D. Jamieson (New Zealand), R. Jones (Australia), G. Kenny (New Zealand), S. Lake (Australia), R. Leigh (Australia), V. Lyne (Australia), M. McGlone (New Zealand), K. McInnes (Australia), G. McKeon (Australia), J. McKoy (New Zealand), B. Mullan (New Zealand), P. Newton (New Zealand), J. Renwick (New Zealand), D. Smith (Australia), B. Sutherst (Australia), K. Walsh (Australia), B. Watson (Australia), D. White (Australia), T. Yonow (Australia)

Review Editor:
M. Howden (Australia)

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